Find Out What Causes Dandruff

What causes dandruff? We give you some answers and solutions to this hair woe.

Do you often find yourself scratching your scalp? Do you see white flakes on your dark clothes? Then, you might have dandruff. We understand how uncomfortable the itching can be, not to mention embarrassing too! This is especially true when you suddenly have the urge to scratch your scalp in the middle of a meeting, while ordering your espresso, or riding the MRT. Add to that the white flakes that are very visible. We know the struggles of wanting it to stop and keeping it at bay. This is why we’re here to discuss what causes dandruff and what you can do to remedy this flaky situation.

Let us first learn about the common causes of dandruff. This way, we get to know how to address the root of this hair woe.

1. Oily Scalp

When you have an oily scalp, you have a higher risk of getting dandruff. It can also lead to a more serious condition called seborrheic dermatitis. When your scalp becomes red, feels scaly, or when the itching doesn’t stop, it is best to consult a dermatologist to find the best treatment.

2. Dry scalp

Dry scalp is an altogether different problem from dandruff. When you have a dry scalp, it doesn’t mean you’ll automatically get dandruff. However, a dry scalp can make the itching worse and lead to flaking.

3. Not shampooing well enough

Scalp care men: Closeup shot of an Asian man touching her short black hair
Make sure your hair and scalp have been thoroughly rinsed before stepping out of the shower.

You know how important shampooing is. It removes excess oil and dirt, as well as old skin and styling product residue. When you don’t shampoo well, these things clog up your pores and cause dandruff.

Editor’s tip: Wash your hair with Dove Men + Care Refreshing Clean Shampoo to help remove excess oil and dirt. 

4. Fungus

Asian man with short hair wearing a black shirt
While Malasezzia naturally occurs on the skin, it can irritate your scalp and cause dandruff. Credit: Dennie Ramon

The presence of the fungus Malasezzia on your scalp can cause dandruff. “Malassezia uses sebum and other lipids in the scalp as nutrients and then converts these into waste materials that can penetrate the scalp and cause an inflammatory response,” explains Peter Bailey, Unilever’s research and development manager.

Now, let’s see how we can deal with dandruff.

1. Wash your hair with an anti-dandruff shampoo.

Asian man holding an anti dandruff shampoo
Use an anti-dandruff shampoo to help treat and prevent dandruff. Credit: Hariono Halim

Anti-dandruff shampoos usually have anti-fungal agents like Zinc Pyrtithione and Climbazole to treat the causes and keratolytic agents like salicylic acid to deal with the symptoms. If you have recurring dandruff, switching to an anti-dandruff shampoo can help put an end to flaky hair.

Editor’s tip: Give your scalp that cool, presko feeling while you bust dandruff with CLEAR Cool Sport Menthol Anti-Dandruff Shampoo for Men

2. Get some sunlight

Filipino man smiling and touching his hair wearing a black shirt outdoors
A little bit of sunlight is good for your scalp. Credit: Jisa Atrero

Cooped up indoors? Time to go out, as sunlight can help suppress the fungus on your scalp. But don’t get too much sun exposure. A few minutes under the morning sun (before 10 a.m. when the sun is not yet too harsh) is recommended. And don’t forget to use sun protection.

3. Wash hair at the end of the day to remove product residue.

What causes dandruff: Asian man towel-drying his hair and wearing a striped shirt
Make sure no product residue clogs your pores. Credit: Hariono Halim

If you go straight to bed when you get home late, you might want to ditch this habit, especially when you used styling products throughout the day. Wash your hair to keep product residue from clogging your pores. If you’re really tired and you no longer have time for a hair wash, brush your hair to remove dirt.

Editor’s tip: Leave your scalp fresh and clean with a good hair wash using CLEAR Deep Cleanse Anti-Dandruff Shampoo for Men

Dandruff is nothing to be afraid of, and it can be easily remedied. The important thing is you know what causes dandruff so you know how to treat it once it starts showing.

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Find out how you can make use of aloe vera in treating dandruff the natural way. Check this out.
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